Zinave National Park in Mozambique
Zinave National Park is one of the protected areas in the Republic of Mozambique positioned in Mabote District of Inhambane Province. Established by a decree on 26 June 1973, the park covers an area of approximately 4,000 square kilometers extending to the south of Save River in the province of Inhambane.
Zinave National park was first created as a hunting area in 1962 run by Mozambique Safari land and later in 1972, it was proclaimed into a national park. The area of the park represents a transition between the wet and dry tropical areas and receives annual rainfall of about 800 millimeters or even less sometimes. The highest elevation of the park is at 174 meters above the sea level and it is on the southeast boundary. The land then slopes down in the north direction to its lowest elevation of 110 meters at the river of Save.
Flora of the park
Zinave national park has a diversity of tree species and more than 41 species of grasses. The park consist of the riverine forest which is located on the banks and levees to the south of the river which a number of trees which are at a height of 20 meters. The river also has acacia nigrescens woodland which covers almost 10.5% of the PNZ, merging into the Mopane and miombo landscapes in the south. The landscape of Mopane is found on the heavier soils and it covers 37.5% of the park which are dominated by the closed woodlands. Finally, the miombo landscape covers 29.5% of the park in the higher wetter southeastern section and it includes the open grasslands and wetlands.
Wildlife of the park
Zinave national park is a home to a variety of wildlife including mammal species, bird species, reptiles and amphibians.
Animals in the park
Though a large number of animals have been destroyed by poaching, Zinave national park still hosts some species including the black rhinos, Cape buffalos, reedbuck, elephants, giraffes, hartebeest, roan antelope, sable antelope, spotted hyena, wildebeest, Selous zebra, eland, Lichtenstein’s hartebeest, cheetah and others.
Bird species in the park
Zinave national park is a home to a number of bird species including both the migratory and endemic birds. These birds can be sighted along the water shores and forests of the park during different experiences like nature walks and game drives. Among the birds in the park include the common ostrich, Egyptian goose, and white faced whistling duck, spur winged goose, African green pigeon, and ring necked dove and many others.