The Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park, often referred to as the Kgalagadi or Kalahari Transfrontier Park, is a vast wilderness area located in southern Africa. It straddles the borders of two countries: South Africa and Botswana. The park was established through a unique and innovative Transfrontier conservation initiative, aimed at protecting the pristine natural environment and wildlife of the region.

The history of the park begins with the establishment of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park in South Africa in 1931. This park was initially created to protect the gemsbok (oryx) and other wildlife species in the arid Kalahari Desert. In 1961, Botswana gained independence from British colonial rule and, subsequently, the Government of Botswana established the Gemsbok National Park in its territory. This created two separate protected areas, one on each side of the border, each focused on conserving the unique flora and fauna of the region. In 1999, South Africa and Botswana agreed to join their respective parks to create a single, transfrontier conservation area. This marked a significant step in regional cooperation for conservation efforts. The unification of the two parks led to the formation of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park.

The Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park was officially declared in May 2000, and it covers a vast area of over 37,000 square kilometers (14,364 square miles) making it one of the largest protected areas in Africa. The park is managed jointly by the South African National Parks (SANParks) and the Department of Wildlife and National Parks in Botswana. The management agencies work together to protect the park’s resources and promote cross-border cooperation in conservation.


The park’s main goals are to protect the diverse and unique ecosystems of the Kalahari Desert, conserve the rich biodiversity of the region, and promote tourism and sustainable development in the surrounding communities. It is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including lions, leopards, cheetahs, giraffes, various antelope species, and numerous bird species.

Lions in Kgalagadi National park

Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park - Shadows Of Africa


Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, located in southern Africa, straddles the border between South Africa and Botswana. It’s a vast and arid wilderness known for its unique desert landscape, abundant wildlife, and excellent safari opportunities. When visiting Kgalagadi National Park, there are several activities you can enjoy:


Game Drives.

Game drives are one of the main attractions in Kgalagadi. The park is home to a variety of wildlife, including lions, cheetahs, leopards, giraffes, gemsbok (oryx), springbok, and many other species. Exploring the park’s extensive network of dirt roads on a self-drive or guided game drive can provide incredible wildlife viewing opportunities.

Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park | 4x4 Self Drive Africa


Kgalagadi is a haven for bird enthusiasts, with over 300 bird species recorded in the park. Raptors like eagles and vultures are commonly spotted, as well as smaller birds like sociable weavers. The park is especially famous for its raptors.

Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park - Shadows Of Africa


The park’s stark desert landscapes and the abundant wildlife make it a fantastic destination for wildlife and landscape photographers. The golden dunes, striking sunsets, and animals against the dramatic backdrop provide excellent photographic opportunities.

Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park - Bumhi Safaris Eswatini


Kgalagadi National Park is designated as an International Dark Sky Sanctuary, making it a fantastic location for stargazing. The clear desert skies are ideal for observing the stars and celestial objects.

The Big 5 of the Sky: A Botswana Stargazing Safari

Wilderness Trails.

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Guided wilderness trails are available for those interested in a more immersive experience. These walks offer an opportunity to connect with the environment on a deeper level and learn about the park’s ecology.

Self-Catering AccommodationSelf-Catering Accommodation in the park

The park offers a range of self-catering accommodation options, including campsites and chalets, where you can relax and enjoy the natural surroundings. Some of these accommodations offer wildlife viewing opportunities right from your doorstep.

Kalahari Cultural Experience.

Kalahari Cultural Experience

Learn about the indigenous San people, their history, and culture through guided tours and interactions with San guides. This cultural experience can provide valuable insights into the region’s heritage.

Riverbed Picnicking.

Riverbed Picnicking in the park

Some of the riverbeds in the park have designated picnic areas where you can enjoy a meal or a snack while surrounded by the unique desert landscape.


The best time to visit Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park depends on your preferences and what you want to experience during your visit. This park is located in the Kalahari Desert, which spans both South Africa and Botswana, so the climate and wildlife sightings vary throughout the year. Here are some considerations for different times of the year:

Winter (May to September):

  • This is the dry season and considered the best time for wildlife viewing as animals congregate around waterholes.
  • Vegetation is sparse, making it easier to spot wildlife.
  • The weather is cooler with daytime temperatures averaging around 20-25°C (68-77°F), and it can get cold at night.
  • Birdwatching is excellent during this time, and the park is less crowded.

Winter (May to September)

Spring (September to November):

  • Spring is a transitional season when the weather starts to warm up, and the landscape begins to change.
  • This is a good time for birdwatching as migratory birds return to the park.
  • Wildlife sightings are still good, and the park is less crowded compared to the peak season.

Spring (September to November)

Summer (December to April).

Summer (December to April)

  • This is the wet season, with occasional afternoon thunderstorms.
  • The landscape turns green, and the park comes to life with wildflowers.
  • Wildlife is still present, but animals are more dispersed due to the availability of water throughout the park.
  • Birdwatching is less productive during this time.
  • It can be hot during the day, with temperatures often exceeding 30°C (86°F).

Your choice of when to visit may also depend on your tolerance for heat and your interest in birdwatching. If you prioritize excellent wildlife sightings and milder temperatures, the winter months are generally considered the best time to visit. However, if you enjoy the unique beauty of the desert in bloom and don’t mind the heat, visiting during the wet season can be a rewarding experience.

Keep in mind that the park’s popularity can vary, with more visitors during the dry season and fewer during the wet season. Make sure to check the park’s specific conditions, such as road accessibility and campsite availability, when planning your trip.


Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park is a vast and remote wilderness area located in southern Africa, spanning both Botswana and South Africa. When it comes to accommodation in the park, there are limited options available, and you’ll need to plan your stay carefully.


Twee Rivieren Rest Camp (South African side):

Twee Rivieren is the main entrance to the South African side of the park and offers various accommodation options, including chalets, family cottages, and camping sites. It’s a convenient starting point for exploring the southern part of the park.

Twee Rivieren Rest Camp (South African side)

Nossob Rest Camp (South African side):

Nossob is another popular rest camp located further north in the South African section of the park. It offers chalets and camping facilities. It’s a good choice if you want to explore the central and northern regions.

Nossob Rest Camp | Kgalagadi Lodges & Campsites | South Africa Accommodation | African Reservations

Mata-Mata Rest Camp (South African side):

Mata-Mata is situated in the southern region of the park, closer to the border with Namibia. It offers chalets and camping facilities. Staying here allows you to explore the southern and southwestern areas of the park.

MATA-MATA REST CAMP - Updated 2024 Campground Reviews (Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, South Africa)

Kalahari Tented Camp (South African side):

This camp offers more exclusive and comfortable tented accommodation options, and it’s located in a more remote area of the park.

Kalahari Tented Camp is situated high up on a sand dune

Rooiputs Wilderness Camp (South African side).

High Jinks Of A Jackal At Rooiputs Campsite Kgalagadi, 44% OFF

Rooiputs is a wilderness camp, and it offers rustic, self-catering accommodation in a remote part of the park.

Mabuasehube Game Reserve (Botswana side).

Camping at Mabuasehube • Jackie Not In The City

This is a remote wilderness area within the park, on the Botswana side. There are basic campsites with no facilities, providing a true wilderness experience. You may need to be entirely self-sufficient when camping in Mabuasehube.

Polentswa Wilderness Camp (Botswana side).

Tracks4Africa Padkos - Polentswa Camp 1 KTPOL01: Shower/Toilet, Shade Shelter

Polentswa is a remote camp on the Botswana side of the park, offering a limited number of basic, self-catering units.

It’s essential to book your accommodation well in advance, especially if you plan to visit during the peak safari season. Additionally, remember that this is a wilderness area, so you should be prepared for the remote and rugged nature of the park. Bring all the supplies you need, including food, water, and camping equipment if you plan to camp.


Access to Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park can vary depending on your point of entry and other logistical considerations. Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park is a protected area located in southern Africa, straddling the borders of South Africa and Botswana. It’s a popular destination for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers due to its stunning desert landscapes and abundant wildlife.


Entrance Gates.

The park has several entrance gates, and your access point will depend on your travel plans and the direction from which you are coming. Some of the main gates on the South African side include Twee Rivieren, Mata-Mata, and Nossob. The Botswana side also has its own entry points.

Entrance Gates

Vehicle Requirements.

Land Cruiser

Ensure that your vehicle is suitable for the park’s conditions, as it is a semi-arid region with dirt roads that may become challenging, particularly during the rainy season.

Conservation and Rules: Respect the park’s conservation rules, including speed limits, waste disposal, and ethical wildlife viewing. Always remember that this is a protected area with a delicate ecosystem.

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